The Marine Base located on the banks of the Potomac River in
Quantico, Virginia is rich in history. The land was explored by Captain John Smith in 1608. Quantico, which in one Indian dialect means "By the large stream" became a welcome home to many of America's Revolutionary war heroes. The British as well as the American
troops used nearby roads to move from one battlefield to another. In the civil war the postion of the town proved vital in river control.
The land was sold to the Marine Corps in 1917. The first Marines arrived at Quantico on May 14, 1917. It was at this time that the Commandant established Marine Barracks. Four days later the first Marines began arriving for training. Quantico was intially to hold 3,500 men with a headquarters, hospital, kitchen, mess hall and utilites. During World War I the Marine Corps base at Quantico served as a training camp for thousands. It was in 1920 that the Marine Corps Schools were founded. When the need arose to prepare for a Pacific war, new tactics for training were introduced. It was at Quantico that amphibious warfare was concieved and perfected. Equiptment and tactics were designed here which revolutionized the Marine Corps.
The tactical units carrying out these new operations became the Fleet Marine Force in 1935. It was the Fleet Marine Force which really perfected the new warfare tactics. When the FMF left in 1941, the role of Quantico became as an individual Marine training facility as opposed to a Unit training facility. The techniques developed here made victory in the Pacific theater of World War II a possibility. In 1947 the first helicopter troop carrying force was introduced. It was called Marine Helicopter Squadron One(HMX-1). The techniques developed at Quantico once again became valuable in war. The helicopter force played an important role in both the Korean and Vietnam wars.
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Quantico is one of the country's largest Marine Corps installations. One of the prominent features of the base is a replica of the Marine Corps War Memorial which depicts the flag raising for Iwo Jima. The original statue is at Arlington National Cemetery.
Quantico is referred to as the Crossroads of the Marine Corps.
Quantico houses the Marine Corps Combat Development Command and the Marine Corps University.
The Marine Corps Air-ground Museum
Phone: (703) 784-2606
See restored military aircraft and equipment from WW I & II and the Korean War. Please phone for hours and details.
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The base at Quantico encompasses 60,000 acres of land
The base is home to approximately 6,500 people.