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Welcome To KEY TO THE CITY's Page For
Richland County and Lexington County, South Carolina

29201, 29203, 29204, 29205, 29206, 29209, 29210, 29212, 29223

The Capital of Southern Hospitality
The Heart of South Carolina

Page Contents for Columbia, South Carolina

Statistics & Facts


Weather & Climate

History & History-related items

City Attractions


Chamber of Commerce.

Organizations, Churches, and Sports.




Statistics & Facts

The South Carolina state capital is Columbia.
The population of Columbia is approximately 116,000 (2000), 129272 (2010).
The approximate number of families is 36,928 (1990), 45666 (2010).
The amount of land area in Columbia is 303.388 sq. kilometers.
The amount of land area in Columbia is 125.2 sq. miles.
The amount of surface water is 4.866 sq kilometers.
The distance from Columbia to Washington DC is 404 miles.
The distance to the South Carolina state capital is miles. (as the crow flies)
Columbia is positioned 34.03 degrees north of the equator and 80.88 degrees west of the prime meridian.
Columbia elevation is (average) 332 feet above sea level.
Columbia average annual rainfall is (precipitation) 50.14 inches per year
Columbia average temperature is 65 degrees F.
The average low temperature is (January) 32.1 (July) 70.1 degrees F.
The average high temperature is (January) 55.2 (July) 91.8 degrees F.


midway between Miami and New York at the intersection of three major interstate highways: I-26, I-20 and I-77.
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moderate, with four seasons. There is an average, annual snowfall of 1.89 inches.
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enjoyable. Here is a weather page for Columbia.
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History & History Related Items

On 22 March 1786, a bill was introduced in the state senate to create a new state capital for South Carolina. Though the choice of a name came with great difficulty, it came down to the choice between Washington and Columbia with Columbia winning the vote and getting the nod as the new name! The new capital was then designed with broad streets and large lots. Columbia became an official town in 1805 and by 1816 there were over 1000 residents. Columbia was chartered as a town in 1854.
A History page for Columbia.
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The founding of Columbia

March 22, 1786

The incorporation of Columbia

(Chartered as town) 1805; (Chartered as city) 1854, with an elected mayor and six aldermen


Fort Jackson, the Army's largest and most active basic training center. Fort Jackson was incorporated into the city of Columbia in October 1968. Fort Jackson was named in honor of Major General Andrew Jackson, a native son of the Palmetto State and the seventh president of the United States.

To see other attractions in Columbia, see this attractions page.
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Columbia City Government

City of Columbia

Columbia has a council/manager form of government. The Mayor is elected at-large. The council has six members, two of which are elected at-large and four from districts.

Columbia Chamber

Greater Columbia Chamber of Commerce
Phone: (803) 733-1110

Columbia Organizations

Greater Columbia Chamber of Commerce
Phone: (803) 733-1110

Columbia Libraries

Richland County Library
1431 St.
Columbia, SC 29201
Phone: (803) 799-9084

Lexington County Library (803) 532-9223; (803) 359-6984

Columbia Schools

South Carolina Department of Education
Phone: (803) 734-8500

An education page for Columbia.


Education in the Columbia area:
For information on registration, contact the administrative office at one of the five local school districts. They are:
Lexington District 1 (803) 359-4178
Lexington District 2 (803) 796-4708
Lexington District 5 (803) 732-8000
Richland District 1 - (803) 231-7000
Richland District 2 (803) 787-1910


Allen University - Liberal arts and teacher education. Phone: (803) 376-5700.

Benedict College - Bachelor of arts and science degrees. Phone: (803) 253-5000

Columbia College - Church related liberal arts college for women (South Carolina Methodist Conference). Phone: (803) 786-3012.
Columbia International University - Co-educational university with professional training for Christian service. Phone: (803) 786-3012

Columbia Junior College - Two year business college offering associate degrees. Phone: (803) 799-9082

Lutheran Theological Southern Seminary - Graduate school of theology for all denominations. Several degree programs are available. Phone: (803) 786-5150; 1-800-804-5233.

University of South Carolina - chartered in 1801!
More than 26,000 students attend here with degrees offered in many undergraduate areas, in addition to graduate, law and medical degrees
Phone: (803) 777-7700 Columbia


The Columbia population was:
1990 - 98,052
1998 - 103,477
2000 - 116,000

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