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Welcome To KEY TO THE CITY's Page For
Marion County, Oregon

97301, 97302, 97304, 97306

The Oregon State Capital

Page Contents for Salem, Oregon

Statistics & Facts


Weather & Climate

History & History-related items

City Attractions


Chamber of Commerce.

Organizations, Churches, and Sports.




Statistics & Facts

The Oregon state capital is Salem.
The population of Salem is approximately 118,355 (1997), 154637 (2010).
The approximate number of families is 42,601 (1990), 57290 (2010).
The amount of land area in Salem is 107.584 sq. kilometers.
The amount of surface water is 1.593 sq kilometers.
The distance from Salem to Washington DC is 2559 miles.
Salem is positioned 44.92 degrees north of the equator and 123.02 degrees west of the prime meridian.
Salem elevation is 171 feet above sea level.
Salem average annual rainfall is 42 inches per year
The average low temperature is 40.9 degrees F.
The average high temperature is 63.1 degrees F.


Willamette Valley in Northwestern Oregon, Crossroads of Interstate 5 and Oregon Hwy. 22. 50 miles south of Portland, 60 miles east of the coast, and 64 miles north of Eugene. It is in the Willamette Valley, between the Oregon coastline and the Cascade Mountains.
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mild. Here is a weather page for Salem.
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History & History Related Items

Salem is one of Oregon's oldest cities. The Calapooya Indian name for the area was "Chemeketa" which means "meeting or resting place."

In 1840, the Jason Lee Mission was moved from the Willamette River upstream to a site on Mill Creek. Then in 1842, the missionaries established the Oregon Institute. In 1844, a townsite was laid out on the Institute lands. It is unclear who actually decided on a name for the town but it is believed to have been either David Leslie, who came to Oregon from Salem, Mass., or W.H. Willson. Both men were active in the establishment of the town. The name, "Salem" is the American form of the Hebrew word, Shalom, which means peace.

Salem is now the capital of the state of Oregon, but it hasn't always been. Back in 1851, the capital was located in Oregon City and moved to Salem; then in 1855, it was moved again to Corvallis. It didn't remain there very long. As a matter of fact, it was moved back to Salem the same year. Salem has worked hard to preserve its historic downtown core and has twice been selected an "All-America City" by the National Civic League. (Submitted by Rebecca Whitson, High Desert Middle School)The missionaries who came into the Salem area called it "Salem", an form of the Hebrew word, shalom, meaning "peace". Salem is the capital of Oregon and also the Marion County seat.
A history page with pictures for Salem
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The settling of Salem


The founding of Salem


The incorporation of Salem



The Salem Convention and Visitorís Bureau

On-line Salem city guide

Attractions in Salem

Things to do in and around Salem

Mission Mill Village
1313 Mill Street SE
Salem, Oregon 97301
Phone: 503-585-7012
Toll-free: 800-874-7012
Only three blocks from the capitol building, spend all day exploring this five-acre park with activities for all ages, particularly the Thomas Kay Woolen Mill

The Historic Bush House
Built 1877-1878
600 Mission Street SE
Salem, Oregon 97302
Phone: 503-363-4714

Oregon State Fair
held the end of August-beginning of September each year
2330 17th STreet NE
Salem, OR 97303-3201
Phone: 503-947-3247
Fax: 503-947-3206
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Salem City Government

Salem government consists of an appointed manager with eight elected council members. There is also an elected mayor.

Home page for Salem, Oregon

Salem Mayor Office
555 Liberty St SE
Salem, OR 97301-3513
Phone: 503-588-6159

Salem Chamber

Salem Area Chamber of Commerce
1110 Commercial St. NE
Salem, Oregon 97301-1020
Phone: 503-581-1466

Salem Organizations

Salem Area Chamber of Commerce
1110 Commercial St. NE
Salem, Oregon 97301-1020
Phone: 503-581-1466

Salem Libraries

Salem Public Library
585 Liberty NE
Salem, Oregon 97301
Phone: (503) 588-6315
e-mail for library -

Marion County Law Library
100 High St NE
Salem, OR 97301-3640
Phone: 503-588-5090

Mark O Hatfield Library
900 State St
Salem, OR 97301-3930
Phone: 503-370-6312

Oregon State Libr Talking Book
250 Winter St NE
Salem, OR 97310-1302
Phone: 503-378-3849

Oregon State Library
250 Winter St NE
Salem, OR 97310-1302
Phone: 503-378-4243

State Library
250 Winter St NE
Salem, OR 97310-1302
Phone: 503-378-4277

Western Baptist College Library
5000 Deer Park Dr SE
Salem, OR 97301-9330
Phone: 503-375-7016

West Salem Branch Library
395 Glen Creek Rd NW
Salem, OR 97304-3059
Phone: 503-588-6301

Salem Schools

Salem-Keizer School District
1309 Ferry St SE
Salem, OR 97301-4103
Phone: 503-399-3000


Chemeketa Community College
PO Box 14007
4000 Lancaster Dr NE
Salem OR 97309
Phone: 503-399-5000

Western Baptist College
Salem, Oregon 97301
Phone: 503-581-8600

Willamette University, the oldest university west of Missouri, was founded in 1842 by Methodist missionaries and is located in Salem.

900 State St.
Salem, OregonPhone: 503-370-6303 Salem


There is an average annual snowfall of 6.45 inches.
Salem is the third largest city in Oregon and is the county seat of Marion County.
Salem has 6.4" of snow per year on an average.
Salem is 45 square miles
A small portion of Salem (contained within its corporate limits of 40,1982 square miles) lies across the river in Polk County.
State Capitol Statistics: Dedicated: 1 Oct 1938; Occupied: 2 July 1938; Capitol Wings Addition: Occupied 5 Jan, 1977; Length: 633 feet; Width: 240 feet; Usable square footage: 275,000; Cubic Footage: 3.2 million; Height, Original Building: 57 ft. 2 in; Height, Wings Addition: 68 ft. 8 in.; Cost, Original Building: $ 2.5 million; Cost, Wings Addition: $ 12.5 million
The Capitol building was damaged by an earthquake on March 25, 1993. It has been in the process of reconstruction and renovation for years since that time. Most original murals will be reinstalled when the project is complete, preserving them for generations to come.

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