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Welcome To KEY TO THE CITY's Page For
Monroe County, New York

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Page Contents for Rochester, New York

Statistics & Facts



History & History-related items

City Attractions



Chamber of Commerce.

Community events.

Organizations, Churches, and Sports.




Statistics & Facts

The New York state capital is Albany.
The population of Rochester is approximately 219,773 (2000), 210565 (2010).
The approximate number of families is 101,154 (1990), 87027 (2010).
The amount of land area in Rochester is 92.683 sq. kilometers.
The amount of land area in Rochester is 36.44 sq. miles.
The amount of surface water is 3.277 sq kilometers.
The distance from Rochester to Washington DC is 295 miles.
The distance to the New York state capital is 205 miles. (as the crow flies)
Rochester is positioned 43.16 degrees north of the equator and 77.61 degrees west of the prime meridian.
Rochester average annual snowfall is 95.0 inches per year.
The average winter temperature is 32 degrees F.
The average summer temperature is 78 degrees F.


on the south shores of Lake Ontario in western New York.
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terrain with rolling hills, lakes and rivers which were left behind by the glaciers. The fertile Genesee Valley was carved out during the Cenozoic time from huge glaciers.
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seasonal. Due to its proximity to Lake Ontario, summer temperatures rarely go above 100 and winter averages five days or less of below zero weather.
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History & History Related Items

Rochester has had many nicknames, among them - "Young Lion of the West," the "Flower City," and the "Flour City." It was also known as the "World's Image Centre," due to its history in photography, xerography and optics.

The Iroquois were the local Native American people who lived here. The five tribes of the Iroquois banded together to promote peace among themselves and also to show a united front to outsiders. The Senecas were the tribe of the Genesee Valley and were known as the "Keepers of the Western Door."

In 1788, two traders bought large quantitites of land from the Senecas. This area later became Rochesterville and later, Rochester. The first grist mill was built just south of the High Falls. Parts of the first settlement were very swampy and also quite infested with rattlesnakes. "Rattlesnake Pete" used many of those skins to decorate the walls of his saloon.

Colonel Nathaniel Rochester, for whom the city is named, and others purchased most of the area's lands. More grist mills were built and the area prospered. Though the mills helped the area grow, it was the "new" Erie Canal that created the boom town in Rochester. Because of the many grist mills along the Genesee River, Rochester came to be known as the "Flour City." The Canal helped move the goods produced across the state.

Sam Patch made his daring final "leap" on Friday, November 13, 1829, at the High Falls, the 100 foot waterfall on the Genesee River. Thousands came to watch him perform, but instead watched him fall into the waterfall to his death.

It was also during the 1800's that the thriving economy of Rochester was given assurance it would continue. John Jacob Bausch and Henry Lomb opened their small optical shop here in 1853, later to become the famous optical and health-care company, Bausch & Lomb. Later, in 1888, a bank clerk named George Eastman made a flexible-film camera that would revolutionize the amateur photography world. His company would become Eastman Kodak. Both companies have their international headquarters in Rochester.

A journal of Rochester History

Historical pictures of Rochester
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The founding of Rochester


The incorporation of Rochester

1814 as a village and 1834 as a city.


See the historic Erie Canal as it now flows directly into the Genesee River at Genesee Valley park.

The Genesee River
Three waterfalls are seen in this river in its coursings through Rochester on its way to Lake Ontario. The High Falls, at about 100 feet, is right downtown and can be seen from many viewing areas, including a pedestrian bridge across the gorge.

Lake Ontario & The Seaway Trail
Lake Ontario is one of the five fresh-water "Great Lakes." It is well known for its salmon fishing. The area enjoys its sandy beaches, piers, boardwalk and a concert pavilion.

The Charlotte/Genesee Lighthouse
This lighthouse, on the Genesee River's west bank, dates back to 1822. It is one of the oldest lighthouses on the Great Lakes. Visit the mini-musuem here which traces the history of lighthouses and more.
70 Lighthouse St
Rochester, NY 14612-4710
Phone: 585-621-6179

Frederick Douglas Museum
25 E Main St
Rochester, NY 14614-1835
Phone: 585-546-3960

George Eastman House
International Museum of Photography and Film
900 East Ave
Rochester, NY 14607-2219
Phone: 585-271-3361

Memorial Art Gallery
500 University Ave
Rochester, NY 14607-1415
Phone: 585-473-7720

Rochester Children's Museum
250 Cumberland St
Rochester, NY 14605-2801
Phone: 585-262-3150

Rochester Museum & Science Ctr
657 East Ave
Rochester, NY 14607-2101
Phone: 585-271-4320
The Museum includes, the Strasenburgh Planetarium, the Cumming Nature Center and education programs.

Stone-Tolan House
2370 East Ave
Rochester, NY 14610-2511
Phone: 585-442-4606

Strong Museum
1 Manhattan Square Dr
Rochester, NY 14607-3941
Phone: 585-263-2700

Susan B Anthony House
17 Madison St
Rochester, NY 14608-1928
Phone: 585-235-6124

Rochester NY - Comprehensive directory guide to sites of Rochester NY and its surrounding communities for travel, visiting, events and points of information, news & sports, life style, colleges and much more.

Mount Hope Cemetery
Phone: 585-473-2755
Over 350,000 people are buried in this cemetery. Some of the famous people who were buried here are: Susan B. Anthony-womens rights activist, Frederick Douglas-anti-slavery advocate, Hiram Sibley-founder of Western Union, Lewis Henry Morgan-father of anthropology, Dr. Hartwell Carver, father of the transcontinental railroad, John Jacob Bausch and Henry Lomb-founders of the optical company, Adelaide Crapsey-poet,George B. Selden-inventor of the automobile and more.

Rochester Philharmonic Orchestra

Local Sports
Rochester Redwings Baseball
minor league Baseball team

The Rochester American Hockey Team - affiliated with the Buffalo Sabres

Rochester Raging Rhinos
333 N. Plymouth Ave.
Rochester, NY 14608
Phone: 585-454-KICK
Fax: 585-454-5453
Box Office: (585) 423-9464
A team with the United Soccer League

Monroe County Fair
Voice: (585) 334-4000
Fax: (585) 334-3005
2695 E Henrietta Rd
Henrietta, NY 14467
Held in July each year
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Economy & Industry

A high-tech area with much manufacturing and many companies which heavily export their products. It is known for highly skilled workers and a concentrated area of manufacturing, services and retail trade. Some of the largest employers of this area are: Eastman Kodak Co., Xerox Corporation, University of Rochester, Strong Memorial Hospital, ViaHealth and Wegmans Food Markets, Inc.
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Rochester City Government

City of Rochester

Rochester City Hall
30 Church St
Rochester, NY 14614-1290
Phone: 585-428-7000

Rochester has a mayor-council form of government. The Mayor and Council are elected to four-year terms. There are five at large council members and the Mayor which are elected by all residents. Four council members are elected by district.

City Historian
115 South Ave.
Rochester, New York 14604-1896
Phone: (585) 428-8095
Fax: (585) 428-8098

Rochester Chamber

Greater Rochester Metro Chamber Of Commerce
55 Saint Paul St
Rochester, NY 14604
Phone: 585-454-2220
Fax: 585-263-3679

Chamber Of Commerce
62 East Ave
Rochester, NY 14604-2206
Phone: 585-234-3087

Chamber Of Commerce
2604 Elmwood Ave
Rochester, NY 14618-2213
Phone: 585-251-3587

Rochester Community Events

May each year
Lilac Festival

July each year
Rochester Music Fest

Rochester Organizations

Greater Rochester Metro Chamber Of Commerce
55 Saint Paul St
Rochester, NY 14604
Phone: 585-454-2220
Fax: 585-263-3679

Chamber Of Commerce
62 East Ave
Rochester, NY 14604-2206
Phone: 585-234-3087

Chamber Of Commerce
2604 Elmwood Ave
Rochester, NY 14618-2213
Phone: 585-251-3587

Rochester Libraries

Monroe County Library
115 South Ave.
Rochester, NY 14604
Telephone: (585) 428-7300 (general)
Telephone: (585) 428-8370 (Local History and Genealogy Dept.)

Rochester Library
2300 Elmwood Ave
Rochester, NY 14618-2145
Phone: 585-473-7500

Rochester Schools

Rochester City Schools District
131 W Broad St
Rochester, NY 14614-1103
Phone: 585-262-8100


Monroe Community College
Brighton Campus
1000 East Henrietta Road
Rochester, New York 14623
Phone: (585) 292-2000

Damon City Campus
228 East Main Street
Rochester, New York 14604
Phone: (585) 262-1600

University of Rochester
a private university established in 1850
1510 Mt. Hope Ave.
P.O. Box 270001
Rochester, NY 14627-0001
University Operator: (585) 275-2121
Academic Divisions:
College of Arts, Sciences, and Engineering
Eastman School of Music
School of Medicine and Dentistry
School of Nursing
William E. Simon Graduate School of Business Administration
Margaret Warner Graduate School of Education and Human Development

Nazareth College of Rochester
4245 East Ave.
Rochester, NY 14618
Phone: (585) 389-2525
Nazareth College is a private, co-educational comprehensive college with a liberal arts and sciences core. Founded in 1924 by the Sisters of St. Joseph, Nazareth has been independent for more than 30 years. Situated on 94 wooded acres near the village of Pittsford, the current campus is comprised of 19 buildings, most connected by an underground tunnel system. In September, 2000, Nazareth contracted to purchase 73 acres of property and buildings adjacent to the campus, which will double the size of campus by 2003. A three-phase master plan is underway to utilize the new land in a way that will respond to the demand for a Nazareth education, a demand that has grown significantly along with the college's reputation for quality and value.

Roberts Weslayan University
2301 Westside Drive
Rochester, NY 14624-1997
Toll-free: 800-777-4RWC or 585-594-6000
Education for Character since 1866

Rochester Institute of Technology
One Lomb Memorial Drive
Rochester, NY 14623-5603
Phone: 585-475-2411
Founded in 1829 and emphasizing career education, RIT is a privately endowed, coeducational university enrolling more than 15,000 students.

National Technical Institute for the Deaf
The National Technical Institute for the Deaf (NTID) is the world's first and largest technological college for students who are deaf or hard of hearing. It is one of eight colleges of Rochester Institute of Technology (RIT), a privately endowed, coeducational university that is student centered and career focused. RIT was founded in 1829, and NTID was formally established by Congress in 1965 as one of its colleges. One of the unique features of NTID/RIT is that more than 1,100 deaf and hard of hearing students study, share residence halls, and enjoy social life together with 13,000 hearing students.

St. John Fischer College of Rochester
3690 East Avenue
Rochester, New York 14618
Phone: 585.385.8000

State University of New York at Brockport
350 New Campus Drive
Brockport, NY 14420 Rochester


The Greater Rochester area has six counties - Genesee, Livingston, Monroe, Ontario, Orleans, and Wayne

The population of Rochester was:
1990 - 231,636
2000 - 219,773 (2000 U.S. Census)

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