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Capital city: Concord

New Hampshire has 10 counties, 13 municipalities, 221 towns and 22 unincorporated places.

1998 - 1,185,000
2000 - 1,235,786 - the 41st most populous state
2005 - 1,309,940

Population Density:
2000 - 137.8 persons per square mile


The most prevalent nickname for the New Hampshire is the "Granite State" due to the large amounts of granite formations.
Others include:
Mother of Rivers - for many rivers of New England that originate in the state
White Mountain State - for the White Mountain Range
Switzerland of America: for the beautiful mountain scenery


Highest Point: Mount Washington at 6,288 feet above sea level. Mt. Washington is also the highest mountain in the entire northeast. The highest winds on record, 231 mph, were recorded atop Mt. Washington.
Lowest Point: Sea Level at the Atlantic Ocean

Geographic center of the state: Belknap county, three miles east of Ashland.

Latitude: 42°40'N to 45°18'N
Longitude: 70°37'W to 72°37'W

Total Area: 9,304 square miles
Total Land Area: 9,027 square miles
Total Water Area: 277 square miles

New Hampshire is in the northeastern portion of the United States known as New England.  New England includes Maine, Massachusetts, Vermont, Rhode Island, Connecticut and New Hampshire. To the north is Quebec, Canada.  To the east are both Maine and the Atlantic Ocean.  On the south is Massachusetts and Vermont is to the west. 

Lake Winnipesaukee is the largest lake in the state, covering 72 square miles.  The ocean shoreline of New Hampshire is the shortest of any state – 18 miles. 

New Hampshire is sometimes referred to as the "Mother of Rivers" because five of the rivers of New England originate in the state. The Connecticut River comes from the north; the Pemigewasset River begins in Profile Lake in the Franconia mountains and joins the Winnipesaukee at Franklin to form the Merrimack River; the Cocheco and Salmon Falls rivers join at Dover to form the Piscataqua River; and two of the principal rivers of Maine, the Androscoggin and the Saco, have their beginnings in northern New Hampshire.

There are 1300 lakes or ponds in the state and about 40 rivers with a total milage of about 41,800 miles.

Weather & Climate:

New Hampshire experiences all four seasons. Due to its northern location, the summers are cool and relatively short. Fall is well-known for its beautiful folliage and winters are cold and normally quite long. Spring is very welcome every year. Variations in temperature throughout the state are due to the area's proximity to mountains, oceans, lakes or valleys.

Other Facts:

Time Zone: New Hampshire is in the Eastern Time Zone
Area Code: 603
Per Capita Average Income: $26,520

Mt. Monadnock, near Jaffrey, is the most climbed mountain in North America.
To learn the fall folliage conditions from mid-September through mid-October call: 800-258-3608 or 800-262-6660
The most populous area is the Merrimack Valley where the state capital is located. Franklin Pierce, our nation's 14th President, has his homestead here in Hillsborough.
New Hampshire has no general sales tax or state income tax. It is the only state in the country to have neither.
The longest covered bridge in America, the Cornish-Windsor Bridge at 460 feet long, is in New Hampshire.

Manchester, the largest city in the state has a unique Main St.  It has a dead-end at both ends.  New Hampshire has the only section of Interstate highway that is just two lanes wide.  At this point, near Franconia, the median is cobblestone.


New Hampshire was named for the English county of Hampshire.  In 1603, English sea captain, Martin Pring, became the first European to visit New Hampshire. In 1622, Captain John Mason was given a land grant for the area and maed it after the English county of Hampshire. In 1623, the first white settlements were begun at Odiorne's Point and Dover.

In 1774, a group of patriots, led by Major General John Sullivan, attacked Fort William and Mary and seized guns and powder that they would later use against the British at the Battle of Bunker Hill. In 1776, declaring independence from England, New Hampshire was the first colony to adopt a provisional constitution and government. New Hampshire became the ninth and deciding state to ratify the new constitution of the United States. The Webster-Ashburton Treaty in 1842 settled a border dispute between New Hampshire and Quebec. Orator Daniel Webster masterminded the treaty which bears his name. In 1852, Native son, Franklin Pierce, was elected as the 14th president of the United States.

The Breton Woods Conference helped to establish the International Monetary Fund and the International Bank of Reconstruction and Development in 1944. The first presidential primary was held here in 1952. The first legal lottery in 20th century America was adopted in New Hampshire in 1963. Christa McAuliffe, who was a social studies teacher from Concord, was chosen to participate in a space shuttle flight. She would be the first civilian in space, but the project went awry in 1986 when the shuttle, Challenger, exploded just after lift-off.

Office of Travel and Tourism
P.O. Box 1856
Concord, NH 03302
Phone: 603-271-2343
Toll-free: 800-386-4664 (State travel info)
Toll-free: 800-258-3608 and 800-262-6660 (events, fall foliage and ski reports)

Fishing and Hunting Regulations
Fish and Game Department
2 Hazen Drive
Concord, NH 03301
Phone: 603-271-3421


The Old Man of the Mountain
This site was also known as the great stone face.  It is located in Franconia along Interstate 93.  When viewed from a certain angle, the five granite ledges appeared as the jagged profile of a man’s face.  The face was 40 feet tall and 25 feet wide.  Unfortunately, on 3 May 2003, the face discinigrated and collapsed.  Erosion, coupled with continual freezing and thawing  appear to have caused the destruction.  Some efforts have been made to restore the site while others want to establish a memorial there.



New Hampshire official state page

To find out what's happening indoors and out all around New Hampshire, visit the website.

New Hampshire GenWeb Project page

Links to most Chamber of Commerce offices in the state

The New Hampshire Almanac

Just for Kids page for New Hampshire


Find the weather for anyplace in the USA


This page was created 16 April 2001

This page was last updated on 19 September 2006 at 9:58 pm

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