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State of North Carolina


North Carolina Counties
Geographic Areas

The Counties of North Carolina

Alamance, Alexander, Allegheny, Anson, Ashe, Avery

Beaufort, Bertie, Bladen, Brunswick, Buncombe, Burke

Cabarrus, Caldwell, Camden, Carteret, Caswell, Catawba, Chatham, Cherokee, Chowan, Clay, Cleveland, Columbus, Craven, Cumberland, Currituck

Dare, Davidson, Davie, Duplin, Durham


Forsyth, Franklin

Gaston, Gates, Graham, Granville, Greene, Guilford

Halifax, Harnell, Haywood, Henderson, Hertford, Hoke, Hyde


Jackson, Johnston, Jones

Lee, Lenoir, Lincoln

Macon, Madison, Martin, McDowell, Mecklenburg, Mitchell, Montgomery, Moore

Nash, New Hanover, Northampton

Onslow, Orange

Pamlico, Pasquotank, Pender, Perquimans, Person, Pitt, Polk

Randolph, Richmond, Robeson, Rockingham, Rowan, Rutherford

Sampson, Scotland, Stanly, Stokes, Surry, Swain

Transylvania, Tyrrell



Wake, Warren, Washington, Watauga, Wayne, Wilkes, Wilson

Yadkin, Yancey

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Geographic Area

The Coastal Plain -- The Piedmont -- The Mountains

The Coastal Plain

The Coastal Plain is a low, flat area that encompasses sandy farmland in the Inner Coastal Plain and reaches eastward to the Outer Banks, a group of barrier islands. The beach areas are popular resorts with a great deal of sun, giant sand dunes and wetlands. The Outer Banks have 130 miles of coastline that are surrounded by 900 square miles of water. Cape Hatteras, Cape Lookout and Cape Fear are located in this area

Major cities in this area include Elizabeth City, Rocky Mount, Greenville, Kinston, Morehead City, Wilmington and Fayetteville

The Piedmont

Piedmont means foot of the mountain in French and the area if often referred to as the foothills. The terrain is mostly rolling hills of low elevation ranging from about 300 feet to 1000 feet above sea level. Some refer to the region as a plateau because it is generally flat and of uniform higher elevation. It takes up most of the central area of the state with most areas experiencing all four, separate seasons. The average temperature in the winter is about 42 degrees with the summer temperatures averaging around 77 degrees F. It is generally a comfortable place to live year-round. Not only is the scenery beautiful, but there are many amenities such as golf courses, historical sites, entertainment, shopping and manufacturing. It is also the location of the state capital, Raleigh, as well as most of the major cities in North Carolina.

Major cities in this region include Winston-Salem, Greensboro, Durham, Raleigh (the Capital City), High Point, Hickory, Morganton and Charlotte

The Mountains

This portion of the Appalachian Mountains contains the Blue Ridge Mountain Range as well as the Great Smoky Mountains. Mount Mitchell, at 6,684 feet above sea level, is the talled peak east of the Mississippi River. The Blue Ridge Mountains also have the Eastern Continental Divide running along its top. Rivers on the east side flow toward the Atlantic and those on the western side generally flow toward the west or the Gulf of Mexico. This region contains some of the best scenery in the state. The hardwood forests are prevalent and thickly cover most of the mountains. Winters are colder, receiving up to 30 inches of snow each year. The summers remain cool but comfortable.

Major cities in this region include Murphy, Asheville, Hendersonville and Boone

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This page was last updated on 13 June 2012 at 12:09 pm

This page was created on 6 July 1999

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