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The State Fair is held in July each year.

Delaware is located in the Eastern Time Zone


Longitude: 75° 2' W to 75° 47' W
Latitude: 38° 27' N to 39° 50' N
Geographic Center: 11 miles SW of Dover at Longitude: 75° 30.7'W Latitude: 38° 58.8'N
Elevation: 1-447 feet above sea level
Average elevation: 60 feet above sea level
Highest point:  447.85 feet above sea level at Ebright Road in New Castle County
Lowest point: sea level at the Atlantic Ocean

Land Area: 1,955 square miles
Water Area: 535 square miles
Total Area: 2,489 square miles
Length: 96 miles long
Width: 9 to 35 miles

Delaware’s neighbor to the north is Pennsylvania.  To the east is the Atlantic Ocean and to the west and south is Maryland.  New Jersey is across the Delaware River to the northeast.


2000: 783,600

Population Density: 314.8 persons per square mile (2000)


The state was named for the Delaware River.  The river was named for Sir Thomas West (Lord de la Warr), who happened to be the Virginia Company’s first governor.  Before becoming a state, Delaware was the only colony to have been claimed by England, Holland and Sweden.  It also was the first state to ratify the US Consitution on 12 December 1787.


The official state nickname is the “First State,” given because Delaware was the first to ratify the new Constitution in 1787.  It is also known as the “Blue Hen State.”  This nickname came from a pair of fighting game cocks.  A soldier saw them and compared the fighting birds to the soldiers in the Revolutionary War from Delaware.  They were soon referred to as Blue Hen’s Chickens. The Blue Hen Chicken was named the official state bird in 1939.   Thomas Jefferson once referred to Delaware as a diamond – small but very valuable.  He also referred to the state as a jewel among the states.  Thus was born the nickname, the “Diamond State.”

In the very early years, peaches were brought to the area and within a 100 years, there were so many trees that the fruit was fed to the pigs to keep it from going to waste.  Unfortunately, due to peach blight, the industry fell apart by the early 1900’s.  It was for this early peach industry that Delaware was named the “Peach State.”  Among other nicknames are found “The Small Wonder,” “New Sweden,” “Uncle Sam’s Pocket Handkerchief,” “Home of Tax Free Shopping” and the “Corporate Capital.”

Weather and Climate:

Average monthly high temperature: 85.6
Average monthly low temperature: 23.2
Record high temperature: 110 degrees on 21 July 1930 at Millsboro
Record low temperature: -17 degrees on 17 January 1893 at Millsboro

Road Conditions Information: (302) 739-4313 (Mon-Fri)
Road Construction Information: (302) 739-4313 (Mon-Fri)
Weather Conditions Information: (302) 328-7596

Delaware Tourism Office:
99 Kings Highway
P.O. Box 1401
Dover, Delaware 19903
Phone: (302) 739-4271
Toll-free: (800) 441-8846

Delaware State Chamber Visitor Center
Route 404 & 13
Bridgeville, DE 19933
Phone: 302-337-8877

Delaware Society, Sons of the American Revolution
PO Box 2169
Wilmington, DE 19899


Government Links page for Delaware
Great links page for all levels of government in Delaware

Delaware Genealogical Society

505 North Market Street

Wilmington, DE 19801-3091

Lower Delmarva Genealogical Society
PO Box 3602
Salisbury, MD 21802-3602
Our purpose is to create and build interest in preserving and collecting historical records of the Lower Delmarva Peninsula, to take an active part in collecting records and making them available for others to use, and to share ideas and information on genealogical research.


The Historical Society of Delaware

505 North Market Street
Wilmington, DE 19801-3091
Phone: 302.655.7161

founded 1864

Southern Delaware Tourism
P.O. Box 240
Georgetown, DE 19947
Phone: (302) 856-1818
Toll-free: (800) 357-1818
Fax: (302) 856-1818
Southern Delaware Tourism is the Convention and Visitors Bureau for Sussex County. Discover Sussex's hidden treasures located in the center of Delmarva. Unique, pristine Sussex offers breathtaking Atlantic Coast resorts, historic seaside and riverside villages, award-winning festivals and cultural events and one-of-a-kind museums and attractions. Sussex boasts a proactive group of award-winning hotels-motels, restaurants and attractions eager to make your group tour a successful one.

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This page was created 9 November 1998

This page was last updated on 16 September 2006 at 12:13 pm

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