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Time Zone: Eastern

3,274,200 (1990 US Census)
3,405,565 (2000 US Census)

Population Density: 614.3 persons per square mile



Connecticut is on the southern edge of the area known as the New England peneplain. It is an eroded, uplifted area with the land sloping mostly northwestward.
The Connecticut River is the states longest. Other rivers include the Thames and the Housatonic. The largest lake or reservoir is Lake Candlewood.

Land Area: 4,845 square miles
Water Area: 698 square miles
Total Area: 5,544 square miles

Longitude: 71° 47' W to 73° 44' W
Latitude: 40° 58' N to 42° 3' N
The Geographic Center of Connecticut is in East Berlin, Latitude: 41° 35.7'N  Longitude: 72° 42.4'W
Length: 110 miles
Width: 70 miles
Borders for Connecticut are Massachusetts on the north and New York on the west.  On the south is Long Island Sound and on the east are both Massachusetts and Rhode Island.

Highest Point: 2,380 feet above sea level at Mount Frissell in Salisbury
Lowest Point: Sea Level at Long Island Sound
Average elevation: 500 feet above sea level



The largest segment of the economy has been and continues to be manufacturing. Early on, cannons were forged for the Continental Army. Peddlers all over the country sold metalworks and clocks among other items made in the state. Groton is known as the Submarine Capital of the World.



The first settlements in the state were along the Connecticut River that was known then as the Quinnehtukqut which means beside the long, tidal river.  The name of the state came from this river. Settled by the Dutch in 1623, Hoeck is now known as Old Saybrook. Another early town was Windsor, founded in 1633 as an English Trading Post. Hartford was established in 1636 when the Rev. Thomas Hooker came to find refuge from the Puritan laws of the Massachusetts Bay Colony. The area divided itself into two areas - upper and lower. They were often at odds with other over doctrine or law until they consolidated by Royal Charter in 1662. It wasn't accepted by the New Haven sector for several years because they maintained it was done without their permission. The two major towns of Hartford and New Haven shared the capital duties from 1703 until 1875. When all previous charters were revoked in 1687, Connecticut refused to obey, even stealing and hiding the documents at Charter Oak. By 1689, all had been returned to its former status

Connecticut was a large supporter of the Constitution and joined up for the war for independence in huge numbers. It was said that over half of Washington's army in 1776 was from Connecticut.

In 1776 the first submarine used in war, the Turtle, was built in Old Saybrook. The War of 1812 and the Civil War were all supported with equal zeal. Cities began to grow and rural areas diminished. By the early 1900's many cities were in great need of repair and uplift. Because of the dependence on manufacturing as a large portion of the economy, the Great Depression of the 1930's had a huge effect on the state. True to their form, the people of the state rebounded with their enthusiasm and Connecticut has been growing better all the while.

The official nickname for Connecticut is the Constitution State.  It was designated as such in 1959 by the general assembly.  Though sometimes a disputed fact, Connecticut claims to have the first written constitution.  Most feel the U.S. Constitution used the state constitution as a model when it was drafted.   The state provided many provisions to soldiers in the Revolutionary War leading to the nickname of the Provisions State.

Lesser known nicknames include the Nutmeg State referring to the old story of residents selling wooden nutmegs to unsuspecting buyers.  Another name is the Blue Law State referring to the blue laws that regulated public morality at the time.  Whether or not these types of laws were ever legal in the state, the stories about them led to the nickname.  The Brownstone State and the Freestone State both refer to the abundance of Brownstone quarries and Freestone quarries in the state.


Attractions and Recreation

Travel to Connecticut

Learn about tourist places in the state along with many other things to do and places to see.

Please call 800-CT BOUND (282-6863 ext 414F) for more information


The State Capitol

near Capitol Ave. and Trinity St.
Phone: 860-240-0222
Guided tours are available.



Government Links Page for Connecticut
Great links page for all levels of government in Connecticut


Peabody Museum of Natural History

Yale University
170 Whitney Ave.
P.O. Box 108118
New Haven, CT 06520
Phone: 203-432-8987

See life-size dinosaur exhibits re-constructed from fossils. Of particular interest is the 60 foot Brontosaurus! See other geologic exhibits, including meteorites. Many of the collections were from fossil hunter, Othniel Charles Marsh.


North Central Connecticut Chamber of Commerce
73 Hazard Avenue
Enfield, Connecticut
Phone: 860-741-3838
Fax: 860-741-3512
Serving East Windsor, Enfield, Somers and Suffield


Connecticut Historical Society

One Elizabeth Street
Hartford, CT 06105

Phone: 860-236-5621


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This page was created 26 June 2000

This page was last updated 16 September 2006 at 12:16 pm

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